This lecture is a part of Tsinghua University’s Global Open Course, “China’s Perspective on Global Development Initiative”. In recent years, China’s progress in science and technology (S&T) development and in building its national innovation system has generated wide interests. There are also various reports from different institutions, including the US National Academies, analyzing China’s progress against the background of the sluggish US public investment in R&D, and making various predictions. How realistic are these analyses? What has China’s national innovation system experienced in the past? What will be its future direction? This presentation intends to provide some in-depth analysis on these issues, including a review of China’s experiences in S&T development, the reform and openness process, the current status of S&T development, and the US-China tech rivalry.


Prof. XUE Lan

Dr. Lan XUE is Distinguished Professor of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences, and Dean of Schwarzman College of Tsinghua University. 

His teaching and research interests include STI policy, crisis management, and global governance. He also serves as the Director of Institute for AI International Governance, Director of China Institute for S&T Policy, and Co-Director of Global Institute for SDGs at Tsinghua.

Dr. XUE is also the Chair of the National Expert Committee on the Governance of Next Generation of AI in China, a member of IGF Leadership Panel, and a member of UN committee of Experts in Public Administration (CEPA). 

List of lectures

Course Background

China’s President Addresses United Nations General Debate, 76th Session

In 2021, President Xi Jinping proposed the Global Development Initiative (GDI) at the general debate of the 76th session of the United Nations General Assembly. In response, Tsinghua University developed and launched the graduate course, namely “China’s Perspective on Global Development Initiative” for 2022 Autumn semester, presenting the latest development of China’s society, economy, culture, and science and technology. This course will introduce the frontiers in research and relevant practices in China, focusing on digital economy, poverty reduction, COVID medication and vaccine, development financing, climate change and green development, interconnection, and other fields.

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