This lecture is a part of Tsinghua University’s Global Open Course, “China’s Perspective on Global Development Initiative”. It starts by exploring the severity of weather patterns and reveals the urgent risks and threats associated with climate change.

Then, the following sections are introduced respectively:

  1. the concepts of carbon peaking and carbon neutrality and their relations with climate;
  2. the international consensus on tackling with climate change and the policy actions of typical economies;
  3. strategy, pathways and policy measures for China to realize a green and low carbon transformation of the society.


Prof. LI Zheng

Prof. Li Zheng is the President of the Institute of Climate Change and Sustainable Development (ICCSD) at Tsinghua University.

He is also the Secretary General of the Global Alliance of Universities on Climate (GAUC), an alliance of 15 universities around the world, dedicated to advancing climate change solutions through research, education, public outreach, and partnership with multi-stakeholders.

His research includes energy system analysis, low carbon transition strategies and policies, as well as energy and power technologies.

List of lectures

Course Background

China’s President Addresses United Nations General Debate, 76th Session

In 2021, President Xi Jinping proposed the Global Development Initiative (GDI) at the general debate of the 76th session of the United Nations General Assembly. In response, Tsinghua University developed and launched the graduate course, namely “China’s Perspective on Global Development Initiative” for 2022 Autumn semester, presenting the latest development of China’s society, economy, culture, and science and technology. This course will introduce the frontiers in research and relevant practices in China, focusing on digital economy, poverty reduction, COVID medication and vaccine, development financing, climate change and green development, interconnection, and other fields.

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